A community of practice (CoP) is a group of people who share a common set of problems or an interest in a topic. They come together as a group to fulfill both individual and group goals.
Communities of practice often focus on sharing best practices and creating new knowledge to advance a domain of professional practice. Interactions and relationships based on mutual respect and trust are an important part of this. Many communities of practice rely on face-to-face meetings as well as web-based collaborative environments to communicate, connect, and conduct community activities. (Adapted from ERLC, a member of Alberta Regional Professional Development Consortia (ARPDC), see http://www.communityofpractice.ca ; License CC BY-NC-SA)
Example: CoPs explore and discuss the issue of changing assessment schemes from different perspectives, integrate knowledge, and develop scenarios.